This article is a part of After Corona, a sequence exploring how the pandemic has modified the world.
The hottest debate in Brussels this fall received’t be about rule of regulation or the funds. It’ll be about teleworking, scorching desking and on-line voting.
Organizations all over the world are grappling with the right way to apply classes from the pandemic and adapt to the Zoom revolution. And the European Union’s two largest establishments are not any exception.
Debates have damaged out within the European Commission and the European Parliament over the right way to mix conventional in-person work with the potential for distant participation.
In the Commission, the frontline cuts between managers, who’re reluctant to lose direct oversight of their subordinates, and lower-level workers, who’re eager to cement the advantages of distant work. In the Parliament, the dialogue facilities on whether or not democracy is best served when MEPs are required to assemble in a single place — or if extra versatile preparations permit them to be in higher contact with their constituents.
Both establishments are working towards finalizing guidelines that will come into impact when the coronavirus subsides, setting working situations for the approaching months, if not years.
“The negotiation on what we call the ‘new normal’ is going to be very tense,” mentioned Cristiano Sebastiani, a Commission official and president of Renouveau et Démocratie, one of many largest unions representing EU civil servants. “At the Commission, teleworking is still perceived as a gift you give to those who deserve [it] the most.”
Before the outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, the Commission and Parliament had already put in place versatile working preparations and been reflecting on the way forward for work.
The coronavirus accelerated this process. The three most important EU establishments — the Commission, the Parliament and the Council of the EU — put emergency measures in place, together with necessary masks, social distancing guidelines in conferences and teleworking for all. The Parliament additionally scrapped plenary sessions from Strasbourg and expanded on-line voting in plenary and committee conferences.
Now, because the establishments ponder staff returning to their desks, a few of these measures have change into the idea for brand spanking new work plans which might be poised to enter into pressure subsequent fall. COVID allowing (nonetheless an enormous query mark), the Commission is aiming to permit half of its workforce again within the workplace by September, with teleworking tips adopted within the early fall.
According to a latest negotiating document seen by POLITICO, the Commission is proposing its workers spend a minimum of 40 p.c of their workweek (equal to 2 days per week) within the workplace and a minimum of 20 p.c (sooner or later per week) working from residence, with the remainder being determined in settlement with their bosses. Line managers can even resolve that on particular days of the week, particular person staff or total groups ought to come into the workplace.
When teleworking, workers can be required to remain “at no great distance” from their place of employment, in accordance with the doc. “Staff need to be able to physically come to the office within two hours as of the moment they are instructed to do so.” In case of technical difficulties at residence, “staff are required to come back to the office at their own expense without delay.”
Staff can be allowed to telework outdoors their place of employment for 10 working days a yr, “linked with at least 5 days of annual leave.” In some circumstance, comparable to household causes, they are often granted authorization to telework from overseas for a month. But in the event that they’re wanted again on the workplace, they “may be required to come back at their place of employment at their own cost within 48 hours.” The transit time received’t essentially depend towards working hours.
With the Commission in search of to shrink its real-estate footprint, Sebastiani mentioned the establishment is seeking to broaden scorching desking — shared workspaces utilized by completely different workers on completely different days. Gertrud Ingestad, the Commission’s director normal for human sources, has arrange the open-space plan in her unit in a bid to woo her counterparts.
The proposed adjustments are the topic of heated dispute, in accordance with Sebastiani. He described a “flagrant gap” between the Commission’s administrators normal “who oppose telework because it means loss of control and command over staff” and others, comparable to EU Commissioner for Budget and Administration Johannes Hahn, “who preach a culture of trust and of verifying results rather than controlling presence.”
He added that his union is negotiating with the Commission over the right way to broaden scorching desking, emphasizing that the change should be equitable. “We can’t have movable desks for employees, and managers who have individual offices and quality chairs and who restrict telework,” he mentioned.
The Parliament too is putting in a system to control distant work. With few important exceptions, virtually everybody working for the secretariat, together with trainees and seconded nationwide consultants, may have the correct to earn a living from home a minimum of sooner or later per week, in accordance with a readout from a late June assembly of the Parliament’s employees committee with Kristian Knudsen, head of the physique’s personnel division.
Staff will be capable to select an “Intermediate Telework Arrangement” to work two days per week from residence, and the “Maximum” association would permit for 3. Following settlement with a direct supervisor, “any refusal has to be justified,” the readout says. Individual MEPs and political teams can even decide into this new system.
Parliamentary assistants endorsed common teleworking guidelines of their own set of feedback, together with a plan to reimburse bills associated to a house workplace. They additionally requested for different quality-of-life adjustments — no extra voting classes within the morning, for instance, since these “force people to check the [voting lists] late at night or too early in the morning.”
In a latest reflection paper known as “Back to the new normal,” the Parliament’s employees mentioned a hybrid work association would permit folks to go to their places of work to “guarantee the founding principles of the European project, which is the multicultural spirit fueled by expatriation.” They additionally made clear that if telework turns into the norm, there must be no “geographical limit” to it, as “staff could live further from their place of work and thus, pay less expensive rents.” However, the doc additionally known as for a “right to disconnect,” as “telework increases the feeling of being constantly available.”
One senior Parliament official and member of the employees committee mentioned the one actual problem of competition was whether or not employees needed to telework in Brussels or in the event that they’d be free to Zoom in from their international locations of origin.
The official dismissed arguments by some within the establishment that such a transfer would imply “the end of the European civil service.”
“They’re swimming against the tide,” the official mentioned. “If you’re going to be 50 percent teleworking, why are we restricted to Brussels?”
‘The end of parliamentarism’
As the employees discusses working from residence, MEPs have been debating beneath what situations they need to be allowed to hold out their democratic features remotely. Parliament President David Sassoli arrange 5 “focus groups” amongst MEPs in April to debate, amongst different issues, whether or not they would proceed voting on-line in plenaries and committees — and if they may scrap touring to Brussels for work that might be accomplished from distant.
The teams are anticipated to finalize their suggestions this week, with remaining outcomes to be mentioned after the summer time holidays.
Most MEPs concede that some conferences — together with testimonies by exterior consultants or debates on legal guidelines by the Parliament’s “shadow rapporteurs” — ought to proceed to be held on-line. However, there’s much less settlement over to what extent voting or debates in plenary and committees must be held remotely.
On one finish of the spectrum are veterans like Rainer Wieland, a vice chairman of the Parliament and an influential German MEP from the European People’s Party, who frets an enlargement of distant work will undermine the establishment’s capability to perform. “It could mean the end of parliamentarism,” mentioned Wieland, 64. When negotiators can’t hash issues out in particular person, “we get worse results in politics.”
“For me, voting is a privilege, a holy procedure,” he added. “Voting must be in presence.”
In Wieland’s fifteenth ground workplace, the thick odor of tobacco is a reminder of an earlier period. But because the vice chairman in control of the Parliament’s buildings, he’s laid out his suite as a showcase of up to date workplace design: sliding doorways to remodel a personal convention room into an open house, smooth Nordic-inspired furnishings and a teensy theater with stair-step seating for casual gatherings or viewing the inevitable videoconference.
He’s hoping the stylish, eco-friendly designs — within the works since earlier than the pandemic however accomplished throughout lockdowns — will woo his colleagues again to Brussels. The various, he warned, is a hybrid system that will be topic to an entire vary of abuses, beginning with an array of motives for not going to the workplace. “It starts with pregnancy — where I would have sympathy for — but then it’s a severe illness, then it’s a less severe illness, then it’s only a headache, then it’s possibly, ‘I have better to go to Berlin to see Mrs. Merkel, my party leader, or my local chairman,” Wieland mentioned. “At the end of the day, people say, it’s more convenient to do it from home.”
He mentioned that the obvious rise in attendance for on-line conferences was “a holy lie, or a misperception.” “You can have people online but doing something else or who switch the cameras off,” he mentioned.
Wieland is opposed by principally youthful MEPs like Niklas Nienaß, 29, a German Green, who argues that distant participation permits parliamentarians to hold out their duties whereas additionally being nearer to the folks they characterize.
“With this remote thing, you at least have the possibility to attend, even when you’re not in Brussels,” Nienaß mentioned. “There’s more participation. We definitely have more voting; we have 98 percent voting participation at the moment,” in comparison with about three-quarters earlier than, he mentioned.
His colleague Manuela Ripa, one other German Green, complained that MEPs had been advised that “for the media and the citizens, it is important that MEPs are present in plenaries.”
“Yes, that’s true,” Ripa mentioned. “But if 700 MEPs are sitting in the hemicycle, for the media or for the citizens, it does not change anything. If we’re all sitting there raising our hands for one and a half hours, who understands what we are doing? Just going back to the old model would not help.”
Bursting the bubble
Pre-pandemic, the Brussels bubble was in a continuing state of inflation and launch, as folks in search of to argue their trigger made the pilgrimage to the EU seat. Lobbyists, journalists and residents alike are actually ready to see what these establishments resolve earlier than plotting their very own journey plans.
There are “a lot of very mobile people” who commute usually between residence and Brussels, mentioned Andrew Powrie-Smith, govt director for communications for the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations. “You sit in any hotel lobby in Brussels on a Tuesday night, Wednesday night, Thursday night,” and also you’ll discover them, he mentioned. Powrie-Smith had been one in all them, consistently commuting from his residence in Scotland. “I’m not sure if that’s what people want to go back to.”
Brussels remains to be a necessary “hub where these things come together,” Powrie-Smith mentioned. “But maybe it doesn’t need to be as concentrated as it has been, because it can be kind of insular.”
Then there’s the query of whether or not teleworking can be good or unhealthy for the European venture. On one aspect of the controversy is a vocal minority who wish to telework from wherever — anyplace however Brussels or Luxembourg, actually — in perpetuity. Many went again to their residence international locations (in defiance of official coverage) in the course of the first lockdown and don’t wish to return. They argue that distant working might pop the Brussels bubble and create establishments that really inhabit the entire of the European Union.
They are opposed by those that assume that such a state of affairs could be “the biggest mistake,” within the phrases of 1 Commission worker at an govt company, granted anonymity to talk candidly about rank-and-file views. Unless managers organize to have the correct mix of individuals within the workplace at any given time, there received’t be a lot level in being there.
“Now we’re only speaking to people with[in] our own unit,” the worker mentioned. “You get ideas, you get understanding, you get innovation” from checking in with different departments. “I think this is going to be completely lost.”
“What’s important is this European feeling,” the worker mentioned. “We have to learn how to work together, and this is the brilliance of the Eurobubble.”
If all however essentially the most hardcore EU bureaucrats abandon Brussels, they may get much more insular. “We’re supposed to be there to serve the European citizens. If we don’t see them, and we get more and more isolated, then this could have a negative impact,” the worker mentioned. “We don’t want to be in the ivory tower.”
Hans Joachim von der Burchard contributed reporting.
This article is produced with full editorial independence by POLITICO reporters and editors. Learn more about editorial content material introduced by outdoors advertisers.