Australia

Damning new report reveals why Australian tourist hotspot is doomed


Up to 90 per cent of the world’s coral reefs are anticipated to fade, even at low ranges of warming, and there are grave fears for one in every of Australia’s most well-known pure wonders.

The outlook for the Great Barrier Reef is taken into account “very poor”, in line with a brand new report by the Australian Academy of Science.

And local weather change is a significant driver.

At 1.5 levels of warming, the world will lose between 70 and 90 per cent of coral reefs.

“Substantial losses in ocean productivity, ongoing ocean acidification, and the increasing deterioration of coastal systems such as mangroves and seagrasses are projected to occur if global warming exceeds 2C,” the harrowing report states.

Scientists mentioned the goal set by the Paris Climate Agreement of protecting international warming to 1.5C was “virtually impossible” as they painted a grim image for Australia’s ecosystems.

It is extra seemingly that international temperatures will soar by as much as 3C.

“Critical thresholds in many natural systems are likely to be exceeded as global warming of 1.5C above pre-industrial levels continues,” the report mentioned.

“These impacts will increase as global warming reaches 2C and beyond, with iconic ecosystems such as the Great Barrier Reef and the World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park being severely affected.

“At 3C of global warming, many of Australia’s ecological systems would be unrecognisable.”

A number one determine inside the European Union has even sounded the alarm on the Great Barrier Reef.

The EU’s commissioner for surroundings, oceans and fisheries, Virginijus Sinkevičius, instructed Guardian Australia he feared for the pure surprise.

“As long as we do not change our behaviours, things will not improve,” he mentioned.

Global warming has already triggered mass bleaching occasions on the Great Barrier Reef which have destroyed not less than half of the world’s largest reef system.

It has additionally contributed to droughts and bushfires.

Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, who chairs the professional panel that developed the report, mentioned a fast transition to web zero greenhouse gasoline emissions was required if the worldwide group was to restrict warming to properly under 2C.

“Current international commitments to greenhouse gas emission reduction, if unchanged, would result in average global surface temperatures that are 3C above the pre-industrial period in the lifetimes of our children and grandchildren,” he mentioned.

“The evidence presented in this risk-assessment report, which is based on peer-reviewed scientific literature, indicates that this would have serious consequences for Australia and the world.”

But scientists mentioned it was attainable for Australia to fulfill its local weather objectives.

Australian Academy of Science president John Shine mentioned the brand new report prompt whereas the planet was warning, science had its options.

“Australia is well positioned to meet the climate change challenge by combining our scientific knowledge with economic opportunities associated with moves to net zero greenhouse gas emissions,” Professor Shine mentioned.

The report makes 10 suggestions, together with scaling up the event and implementation of next-generation zero greenhouse gasoline applied sciences and exploring how meals manufacturing and provide techniques can put together for local weather change.



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